Cycling UK takes council to court for “irrational and unlawful” removal of cycle lane

A girl with her bike on the former cycle lane on Upper Shoreham Road
Flo (age 10) enjoyed using the cycle lane on Upper Shoreham Road, saying: "I can just cycle to school without having to worry about the traffic." Photo: Shoreham-By-Cycle
Cycling UK has confirmed it will be taking legal action against West Sussex County Council’s decision to remove a popular cycle lane introduced during lockdown
  • Charity applied for judicial review on Wednesday 24 February against removal of cycle lane on Upper Shoreham Road
  • Spokesperson available for interview
  • Photo and video assets available on request

Cycling UK has confirmed it will take legal action against West Sussex County Council’s decision to remove a popular cycle lane introduced during lockdown.

The UK charity says the removal of the cycle lane along Upper Shoreham Road in Shoreham-by-Sea is “irrational and unlawful”, and yesterday (Wednesday, 24 February) submitted an application for the council’s decision to be judicially reviewed.

At the heart of Cycling UK’s challenge is the council’s failure to consider the equalities impacts of its irrational decision to remove the cycle lane, ignoring the statutory guidance on the management of its highways network.

Following its introduction, the new safe route along Upper Shoreham Road swiftly proved its popularity for parents and children attending the three nurseries, three primary and two secondary schools in close vicinity to the lane. The cycle lane was also popular with commuters and residents.

Shoreham resident, Karen Murphy (48), is a mother of two children, Silas (11) and Audrey (8) Tomlinson, who attend St Nicolas’ and St Mary's Church of England Primary School. Karen said:

“We used to frequently ride along the cycle lane, often joining another safe route travelling from Shoreham to Steyning, but we haven't since it was removed.

“I’m nervous about travelling along the Upper Shoreham Road without it. I'm not the only one. Parents are still taking their kids to school by bike but sometimes the children have to ride on the pavement as it is no longer safe without visible markings. I don’t understand why the council removed what had swiftly become a valuable community asset and hope they rethink their position.”

Such was the success of the Upper Shoreham Road bike lane that more than 30,000 cycle trips were made during its short lifetime, and it even featured in a government publicity video highlighting the community benefits of the new cycle lanes introduced during the pandemic.

Cycling UK says West Sussex CC did not consider the impact on young people when it decided to remove the cycle lane. Under the Equality Act, age is a protected characteristic, which in this case the council should have considered before making their decision..

The charity also points out evidence gathered by the council showed there had been no negative impact on journey times or increase in air pollution during the period of the cycle lane’s installation.

Despite the popularity of the route for Shoreham’s families and residents, and no evidence to support unsubstantiated claims the lane had caused congestion or traffic delays, an arbitrary decision was made to remove the lane by Councillor Roger Elkins, West Sussex CC's Cabinet Member for Highways and Infrastructure.

According to an FOI investigation, Cllr Elkins never visited the bike route. Justification for his decision appears to have been based on a small number of complaints about increased congestion. However these complaints are not borne out by the data gathered by the council.

The council decided to remove the temporary cycle route on 24 November, less than two months after it was officially opened on 25 September. It was removed over a period of several days in mid-January.

Currently there is no safe segregated space for the town’s residents along this busy stretch of road.

Duncan Dollimore, Cycling UK’s head of campaigns, said:

“When the council introduced this cycle lane, people soon changed how they travelled locally. Children began cycling to school, pensioners felt safe to ride into town and commuters started swapping cars and public transport for their bikes. It was a complete success story.

“Cllr Elkins’ decision to remove the lane a few weeks later without considering the evidence showing the lane’s benefits is contrary to statutory guidance. It demonstrates a fundamentally flawed process, which Cycling UK would argue, is both irrational and unlawful.”

Cyclists in the temporary lane on Upper Shoreham Road

Commenting on the benefits of the cycle lane along Upper Shoreham Road, Clive Andrews, a member of Shoreham-By-Cycle said:

"For a few weeks, the people of Shoreham-by-Sea had a taste of what it felt like to be able to choose safer, more protected journeys by bike, on this key route across our town. The pop-up lanes had quite an impact: doubling cycling levels, and in some weeks even trebling them. The project was helping our town to consider how a better future for local journeys may look – especially for children's journeys to school. WSCC's decision to remove the lanes came as a surprise, given the huge increase in cycle traffic, and the potential that was there to leave them in situ while options for longer-term changes could be explored."

"The news that Cycling UK has been looking at the legalities of this decision is really interesting, and we appreciate the efforts of Cycling UK in examining the implications of what's happened here in West Sussex."

Cycling UK is funding its legal challenge via its Cyclists' Defence Fund, and is concerned West Sussex CC’s actions could be mirrored by other local authorities under pressure from vocal minorities resistant to improvements in their communities.

“Despite the public’s enthusiasm for having safer routes to walk and cycle along, it is frustrating to see the admirable ambitions of some councils wither away at the first sign of criticism,” said Mr Dollimore.

“If councils decide to make baseless knee-jerk decisions with no evidence, then they need to realise there will be consequences. They should expect to be challenged, because such arbitrary and irrational decision making cannot be allowed to go unchecked.”

Representing Cycling UK's legal challenge is Rowan Smith of Leigh Day solicitors, who said:

"Our client feels it has no choice but to bring this legal action because this issue goes to the heart of the use of the Government's Emergency Active Travel Fund and its policy decision to promote cycling for all the wider health and social benefits it brings.  West Sussex council's decision sets an extremely worrying precedent and one the Courts should examine closely."


Notes to editors

  1. Cycling UK, the UK’s cycling charity, imagines a world where the streets are free of congestion and the air is clean to breathe, where parents encourage their children to cycle to school and everyone shares the exhilaration of being in the saddle. For more than 140 years, we’ve been making our streets safer, opening up new traffic free routes and inspiring more people to cycle more often.
  2. Cycling UK’s Cyclists’ Defence Fund helps fight significant legal cases involving cyclists and cycling, especially those which could set important precedents for the future and could affect the safety of all cyclists.

Press contact information

For more information, please contact the national Cycling UK press office. Due to the restrictions caused by the coronavirus outbreak, currently the main press office number (01483 238 315) is not being monitored. If you would like to speak to a member of the press office during working hours (0900 - 1700) please call Sam Jones on 07967 193 051 or email Out of hours, call 07786 320 713

What is the Cyclists' Defence Fund? 

Cycling UK’s Cyclists’ Defence Fund helps fight significant legal cases involving cyclists and cycling, especially those which could set important precedents for the future and could affect the safety of all cyclists.

It is supported by clubs, members and individuals who have all made contributions to help ensure Cycling UK is ready to work on behalf of the wider cycling community when it's really needed, like it is doing in Shoreham-by-Sea

Cyclists' Defence Fund 


Timeline of events on the Upper Shoreham Road

  • 09 May 2020: The Government announced the Emergency Active Travel Fund (EATF) and the legislative measures to support making changes to the road network.
  • 27 May: The Department for Transport (“DfT”) wrote to local authorities giving further details about the EATF, making it clear that the EATF funding was aimed at, and awarded for, schemes which could bring about long-term change and encourage active travel, such as cycling, rather than just focusing on measures responding to Covid-19.
  • 05 June: West Sussex County Council (WSCC) applied for the first tranche of funding available under the EATF.
  • 26 June: WSCC was awarded £781,000 from Tranche 1 of the EATF to allow implementation of seven new and improved pop-up cycle lane schemes, including the cycle lane at Upper Shoreham Road.
  • 21 July: WSCC published its decision to allocate the funds received from the grant to the relevant budgets and to implement the seven schemes.
  • 07 September: Work implementing the cycle lane at Upper Shoreham Road commenced.
  • 25 September: WSCC announced that the work on the cycle lane was completed, although additional works were still being undertaken throughout October.
  • 03 November: Councillor Roger Elkins took the decision to remove all of the emergency active travel schemes, including the Upper Shoreham Road cycle lane.
  • 18 November: WSCCs Environment and Scrutiny Committee called in the decision concerning the removal of the Upper Shoreham Road cycle lane, noting that the scheme had exceeded expectations and that it was questionable why a successful scheme should be removed.
  • 25 November: Councillor Elkins confirmed the decision to remove the cycle lane.
  • 11 January: Work commenced to remove the cycle lane, which was undertaken over a period of several days.
  • 25 February: Cycling UK applied for judicial review of decision to remove the cycle lane.
  • 26 May: At a hearing in the High Court, Mr Justice Lane refused Cycling UK’s applications for permission to pursue the judicial review.
  • 02 June: Cycling UK appealed Mr Justice Lane's decision, which will be considered later this year in the Court of Appeal.